Sunday, May 26, 2019

MySQL Support Engineer's Chronicles, Issue #10

As promised, I am trying to write one blog post in this series per week. So, even though writing about InnoDB row formats took a lot of time and efforts this weekend, I still plan to summarize my findings, questions, discussions, bugs and links I've collected over this week.

I've shared two links this week on Facebook that got a lot of comments (unlike links to my typical blog posts). The first one was to Marko Mäkelä's blog post at, "InnoDB Quality Improvements in MariaDB Server". I do not see any comments (or any obvious way to comment) there, but the comments I've got at Facebook were mostly related to the statement that  
"We are no longer merging new MySQL features with MariaDB..."
noted in the text by Mark Callaghan and to the idea that "InnoDB" is a trademark of Oracle, so using it to refer to a fork (that is incompatible with the "upstream" InnoDB in too many ways since MariaDB 10.1 probably) is wrong, as stated by Matt Lord and Sunny Bains. People in the comments mostly agree that a new name makes sense (there are more reasons to give it now anyway than in the case of XtraDB by Percona), and we had a lot of nice and funny suggestions on Slack internally (FudDB was not among them, this is a registered trademark of Miguel Angel Nieto for many years already). We shell see how this may end up, but I would not be surprised by a new name announced soon. I suggest you to read comments in any case if you have a Facebook account, many of them are interesting.

The second link was to Kaj Arnö's post at, "On Contributions, Pride and Cockiness". It's worth checking just because of Monty's photo there. Laurynas Biveinis stated in the comments that any comparison of number of pull requests (open and processed) is meaningless when development model used by other parties is different (closed, with contributions coming mostly via bug reports in case of Oracle, or all changes, external and internal, coming via pull requests in case of Percona). MariaDB uses a mix of a kind, where some contributions from contractors come via pull requests, while engineers from MariaDB Corporation work on GitHub sources of MariaDB Server directly. Anyway (meaningless statistics aside), MariaDB seems to be the easiest target for contributions from Community at the moment, and nobody argued against that. My followers also agreed that the same workflow for internal and external contributions is a preferred development model in ideal world.

This kind of public discussions of (serious and funny) MySQL-related matters on Facebook (along with public discussions on MySQL bugs) make me think the way I use my Facebook page is proper and good for the mankind.

Now back to notes made while working on Support issues. This week I had to explain one case when MariaDB server was shut down normally (but unexpectedly for DBA):
2019-05-22 10:37:55 0 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld (initiated by: unknown): Normal shutdown
This Percona blog post summarizes different ways to find a process which sent a HUP/KILL/TERM or other signal to the mysqld process. I've used SystemTap-based solution like suggested in that blog post in the past successfully. In this context I find this summary of the ways to force MySQL to fail useful. for all kinds of testing. SELinux manual is also useful to re-read at times.

This week I've spent a lot of time and some efforts trying to reproduce the error (1942 and/or 1940 if anyone cares) on Galera node acting as an async replication slave. These efforts ended up with a bug report, MDEV-19572. Surely the idea to replicate MyISAM tables outside of mysql database to Galera cluster is bad at multiple levels, but why the error after running for a long time normally? In the process of testing I was reading various remotely related posts, so checked this and that... I also hit other problems in the process. Like this crash that happened probably while sending some signal to the node unintentionally:
190523 17:19:46 [ERROR] mysqld got signal 11 ;
This could be because you hit a bug. It is also possible that this binary
or one of the libraries it was linked against is corrupt, improperly built,
or misconfigured. This error can also be caused by malfunctioning hardware.

To report this bug, see

We will try our best to scrape up some info that will hopefully help
diagnose the problem, but since we have already crashed,
something is definitely wrong and this may fail.

Server version: 10.2.23-MariaDB-log
It is possible that mysqld could use up to
key_buffer_size + (read_buffer_size + sort_buffer_size)*max_threads = 467240 K  bytes of memory
Hope that's ok; if not, decrease some variables in the equation.

Thread pointer: 0x0
Attempting backtrace. You can use the following information to find out
where mysqld died. If you see no messages after this, something went
terribly wrong...
stack_bottom = 0x0 thread_stack 0x49000
sql/*, TABLE_LIST*, bool, unsigned long))[0x7f64757c9ec7]
The manual page at contains
information that should help you find out what is causing the crash.
I was not able so far top find the exact some backtrace in any known MariaDB bug, so one day I'll have to try to reproduce this crash as well.

I try to check some MariaDB ColumnStore issues from time ot time, for a change, and this week I ended up reading this KB page while trying to understand how much we can control placement of data there.

Finally, for the records, this is the way to "fix" InnoDB statistics if needed (and the need is real as you can find out from Bug #95507 - "innodb_stats_method is not honored when innodb_stats_persistent=ON" reported by my colleague Sergei Petrunia):
update mysql.innodb_index_stats set last_update=now(), stat_value=445000000 where database_name='test' and table_name='t1' and index_name='i1' and stat_name='n_diff_pfx01';
I like to return to familiar nice places and topics, like Regent's Canal or MySQL bugs...
The last bug not the least, MySQL bugs. This week I've subscribed to the following (already "Verified") interesting bug reports (besides the one mentioned above):
  • Bug #95484 - "EXCHANGE PARTITION works wrong/weird with different ROW_FORMAT.". Jean-François Gagné found out that there is a way to have partitions with different row_format values in the same InnoDB table, at least in MySQL 5.7. So why is this not supported officially? See also his Bug #95478 - "CREATE TABLE LIKE does not honour ROW_FORMAT.". It's a week of ROW_FORMAT studies for me, for sure!
  • Bug #95462 - "Data comparison broke in MySQL 8.0.16". It's common knowledge how much I like regression bugs. MySQL 8.0.16 introduced a new one, reported by
    Raman Haran, probably based on some good and valid intentions. But undocumented changes in behavior in GA versions are hardly acceptable, no matter what are the intentions.
That's all for now. Some more links to MySQL bugs from me are always available on Twitter.

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